What is precast concrete?

Precast concrete – a construction method using prefabricated reinforced concrete elements – is gaining popularity worldwide. Initially developed in the Nordic countries in the 1950s, modular precast has proven itself one of the fastest, most profitable, sustainable, and cost-effective ways to build.

Precast is a method for industrialized construction
Precast is a method of industrialized design, production and construction using precast concrete products. The industrialized process is an advantage that enables quick long-line production, standardized components, the calculated positioning of details, and uncomplicated documentation.

Fast, profitable, and high-quality production and construction
Precast means fast construction time, high profitability, and excellent quality. The industrialized way of producing precast concrete transfers a considerable amount of work from sites to factories.

High-quality precast concrete products are cast on beds or in adjustable molds of different shapes in a controlled environment at a precast concrete plant. Pre-stressing or structural reinforcement is added into the molds or beds before the concrete is cast, compacted, and cured. After complete finishing, the produced concrete elements are transported from the precast plant to the construction site for erection.

What is precast concrete

What is precast concrete

Learn more about the different types of precast products

HOLLOW CORE SLAB

SANDWICH WALL

CLADDING PANEL

SOLID WALL

ACOTEC PANEL

HALF SLAB

SOLID SLAB

RIBBED SLAB

STAIRCASE

PILE

COLUMN

BEAM

Precast is versatile in shape, size, and surface finish

Modern precast manufacturing technologies offer countless options for producing precast elements in various shapes, sizes, and finishes. The surface finishing techniques of wall panels vary from polishing and coloring to texturing, tiling, or even printing (graphic concrete).

The picture on the right displays a graphic concrete surface on a wall panel of Albert Edelfelt school building in Finland.

What can you do with precast concrete?
Precast is suitable for any building anywhere
Precast products are applied in buildings, civil construction, and landscaping. Precast concrete suits any building types: residential, commercial, industrial, logistics, and public, to name a few. Beautiful and durable, low and high-rise precast buildings have risen in cold and hot climate areas and zones of high seismic risks.

A building can be a full precast or partial precast building depending on the local construction conditions, requirements, and resources. Precast can be the only building material or utilized as a composite structure combined with steel or wood.

The most common precast products are
Facades from sandwich to cladding and grey walls
Floors with hollow-core, half, ribbed, or solid slabs
Partition and internal walls from Acotec to solid walls
Foundations with precast concrete piles
Frames with beams, columns, slabs, etc.
Stairs, shafts, and other special products

Why choose precast concrete?

Profitable and scalable business, fast ROI
Precast offers attractive and profitable business opportunities with fast ROI. Precast’s rapid construction time means that residential, commercial, and industrial tenants can move in sooner. You lower the investment risk and increase ROI from buildings that are built fast and tenanted quickly.

Manufacturing of precast products can start from a single production line. You can produce elements for your own construction needs or sell precast products to other building contractors. The precast production can be scaled up step by step by adding more lines and expanding plant facilities.

Sustainability – precast uses less of everything
Compared to the cast-in-situ construction method, precast uses less of everything – less water, less cement, less steel, and less labor. Precast produces less waste on the site and in the factory, making its CO2 footprint much smaller than in cast-in-situ construction.

Safe and healthy working environment
Both precast production and construction offer safer and healthier working conditions. Handling of material is easier, and less scaffolding is needed. Precast technology is applicable in virtually all environments – cold, hot, humid, or dry.

The controlled production ensures high quality
As an industrially produced building product, precast is always of the highest quality. A carefully designed production process and the controlled environment enable real-time monitoring of quality and easy adjustments in raw materials, casting and finishing. The outcome is cured, finished, and equipped.

Building with precast is rapid and economical
In an average project of a multi-storey building, one floor can be erected as fast as within one week. The cost of precast construction is slightly higher than cast-in-situ because it requires manufacturing, logistics and crane work, but when integrating shorter building time into costs, the precast is cheaper.

Precast makes the building process and cost estimation predictable. Watch the video on the left and see how fast the United Precast Concrete has finished the residential project in Dubai.

The controlled production ensures high quality
As an industrially produced building product, precast is always of the highest quality. A carefully designed production process and the controlled environment enable real-time monitoring of quality and easy adjustments in raw materials, casting and finishing. The outcome is cured, finished, and equipped.

Building with precast is rapid and economical
In an average project of a multi-storey building, one floor can be erected as fast as within one week. The cost of precast construction is slightly higher than cast-in-situ because it requires manufacturing, logistics and crane work, but when integrating shorter building time into costs, the precast is cheaper.

Precast makes the building process and cost estimation predictable. Watch the video on the left and see how fast the United Precast Concrete has finished the residential project in Dubai.

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