Magnetic Monopoles: Their Construction and Use
Magnetic monopoles, objects bearing a magnetic charge without an corresponding opposite charge, has been postulated by established science, but so far never observed. In this short paper I will demonstrate how to build macroscopic monopoles, and how they can be employed for various purposes. Some applications to ether storage and repulsion are also shown.
All magnets found in nature are dipoles, having both a north and south pole. If a bar magnet is broken into two pieces, each piece become a dipole. It has been speculated, that by a natural extension of Maxwell’s equations magnetic monopoles might be possible. A monopole would only be a north or south pole, with no accompanying opposite pole, not unlike a normal electric charge.
There have been some interest in the possibility of monopoles, mainly for theoretical purposes. In , my erstwhile colleague Daedalus sketched one method of constructing a monopole by assembling it from pyramidal bar magnets. This has some drawbacks (like the impossibility to reverse the polarity if needed), and was subsequently ridiculed by established science in  and .
My own construction is based on electromagnetic effects and does not need any permanent magnets to work. We begin with placing six electrical coils at right angles to each other, along the standard co-ordinate axes. When current is led through them, a magnetic field results which will (if the polarity is right) enter through the coils and escape the core through the interstices between the coils. However, if the coils are made so that their cross sections are square, they can be moved together to form a cubical interior completely surrounded by coils with no place to escape. When current is applied, the magnetic field will only be able to enter the interior, not escape, and we have a magnetic monopole.
The main problem with this arrangement is that it is cumbersome and requires a constant supply of current. However, it can be elegantly generalised: imagine that each of the coils is pressed together into a square, so that we have a cube whose edges consist of coils, in which current flows.
Along each edge, the current on one side flows in one direction and on the other side in the opposite direction. This obviously cancels out both currents, which shows that a monopole does not require any external current, just like a magnetic dipole doesn’t. The only thing which is needed is a closed conductive surface, so that the virtual vortices of virtual current can produce a real magnetic field.
Why isn’t normal conductive objects monopoles? The explanation is simple; since their fields are created by virtual electric currents, they can be directed in both the inward and outward directions, and without any outside influence both fields cancel each other. But if the fields are pushed in one direction, the object will become a monopole. This requires that the fields are strong enough to overcome the magnetic momentum of the object, which depends mainly on the material, its size and symmetry. Symmetric objects become monopoles much easier than asymmetric objects.
To push the fields in the right direction, we need a radial magnetic field. This is most easily created by another monopole placed around (or inside) the object. The above mentioned cubical arrangement of coils works fine for this. In my experiments I have used coils with a side of one meter, linked together by an supporting aluminium framework to build a monopolar charging unit. When a sufficiently strong current is applied, the monopolar fields force the virtual vortices of the object placed in the interior chamber to align and the object becomes a permanent monopole.
The most important variable in this process is the strength of the field, which is proportional to the current. One way to improve the efficiency is to use a single strong pulse instead of a constant current. One arrangement I have used is a bank of capacitators, whose energy is released by short-circuiting them. This places great demands on the cooling and structural stability of the system, which limits their use somewhat (superconducting coils would ameliorate the heat problem a great deal). Care must also to be taken so that the fields are exactly radial, since if the alignment of the coils is not correct, a powerful electromagnetic vortex will result which will destroy the object and possibly damage the coils. Current pulses are safer in this respect, but has an unfortunate tendency to cause electric discharges between different parts of the system if not properly insulated.
Uses of Monopoles:
Daedalus  has discussed the construction and design of a monopolarly levitated train. Similarly charged monopoles repel each other just like magnets. This could probably be used to build a true magnetic levitation railway, by placing sheets of similar monopoles under the train and on the tracks. Propulsion would be done by angling the sheets, which would accelerate or decelerate the train. However, making a monopole out of a sheet of metal has proven difficult, since the virtual vortices of the edges tend to break down and make the sheet a normal dipole magnet. Daedalus has also pointed out that trains using south monopoles will tend to move north and vice versa; a problem with his design. With my design there is no problem reversing the polarity if needed at the end-stations.
One unusual effect of monopoles is that they produce electric fields when moving. A monopole bullet will create such a strong electric field that it becomes surrounded by toroidal arc lightning, increasing its damage potential (especially against electronic targets). If a monopolar object is placed close to a current-carrying wire, it will begin to orbit it. This could be used as an elegant motor (or generator) with no need for other moving parts than a flywheel with fixed monopoles placed around the electrical axis.
Monopole dust will always move to the north or south when released, making it a rather simple compass. Daedalus  has pointed out that if there are natural monopoles, they will congregate close to the magnetic poles (this may explain why no natural monopoles have so far been found in nature ).
One of the more theoretical uses of monopoles would be to induce controlled fusion of a plasma. A heavy monopole (like a monopolarly charged atomic nucleus) injected into a hydrogen plasma would force the protons to orbit itself. If a strong current is led along the axis of a tokamak reactor, the monopoles would congregate within the plasma torus and stabilise it.
However, the most practical use of the monopoles is to contain or isolate fields of ether. As the magnetic flux lines leave an outward- monopole, they remove ether from the interior until the ether pressure difference equals the transport. An inward monopole will store ether from the surroundings. Care must be taken to insure the mechanical stability, I have in several experiments found that highly magnetic but structurally weak objects (like cast iron spheres) when magnetised too much store too much ether and break, releasing it as explosive energy. I also postulate that a sufficiently strong outward field could at least theoretically cause the monopole to collapse into itself, perhaps forming neutronium or a black hole. However, at the energies which I have experimented, this has not happened.
Ether storage monopoles are very convenient. After being magnetised, they are placed in an area with a strong etheric field, where they absorb it. They can then be stored indefinitely, and the ether is released when they are demagnetised. This doesn’t need to be done with a full monopolar charging unit, it can be done by simply placing them in a strong normal magnetic field which dipolarly magnetises them and thus releases the ether (this of course requires the monopole to be made of a magnetic material, not just a conductor).
The monopole chamber is another useful design I have found. By magnetising a spherical metal chamber with an outward field (or by building walls made of linked coils), the chamber becomes filled with an etheric vacuum. This has proven to be a very strong barrier against outside attacks, especially electromagnetic and etheric ones. It also severely weakens etheric patterns inside, which makes long- term exposure a health hazard. I have however plans to build a double-walled chamber, where a second, oppositely charged chamber is placed concentric inside the outer chamber. This would create an ether-neutral field, and make the interior completely safe for normal life.
I have found that magnetic monopoles can easily be created with the help of a monopolar charging unit. The are convenient (and rather safe) containers of ether, or could be used to isolate a system from ether. Other applications involve weapons technology, transportation and the possible creation of neutronium matter (which so far has only been obtained at great risk by using teleportation from neutron stars). Possible future directions of research are: increasing the magnetisation strength by building a more powerful charging unit (possibly using several layers of coils arranged in a series of polyhedrons and current from homopolar generators or the Russian implosion technique), building a double monopolar chamber and the search for a magnetic tripole.
This work was initiated after a personal communication with Daedalus, who encouraged me to develop his old ideas. I also wish to thank the Guild of Vulcanus of the Convivo Holmiensis for the support and funding for my project. Several colleagues have assisted me with valuable ideas or stimulating opposition, both from the Guild of Vulcanus and from the School of Polhem. Special thanks to Professor Hannes Alfvén, whose knowledge of electrodynamics and plasma physics has proven invaluable.
 Daedalus, New Scientist, 3 December 1946
 Daedalus, New Scientist, 10 September 1970
 Dr Epsilon, Wireless World December 1978, p.67
 Mr J. Middlehurst, Wireless World September 1979, p. 82
 Dr H. H. Kolm, Science Journal September 1968, p. 60
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