Avoid Demagnetising Magnet
Demagnetisation is the process whereby a magnet loses all of its magnetic properties. The magnet most prone to demagnetisation is the ferrite magnet due to the alloy it is made of, however all magnets can be demagnetised.
To avoid demagnetising your magnet, follow these guidelines:
Separating your magnets
Make sure you separate any magnets that have become attached to one another by directly pulling them apart. Any other movement to separate the two may damage the magnets and potentially demagnetise them.
Keep away from high temperatures
High temperatures are the only way to demagnetise a magnet to a point where it cannot be re-magnetised. All other forms of demagnetisation can be put right by re-magnetising the magnet. For example, using a magnet, without a steel casing to protect it, to retrieve ferromagnetic objects from a plating vat would damage the magnet.
Magnetic domains within an object need to be aligned in the same direction in order for an object to be magnetic. High temperatures cause the magnetic domains to move and become disorganised. This means that they are no longer aligned in the same direction, therefore the magnet will no longer be magnetic.
The maximum operating temperature of a magnet will tell you the maximum temperature the magnet can be continuously subjected to with no significant loss of its magnetic strength. This information can usually be found in the product spec and should be available for every variety of magnet.
Alnico magnets are the best suited magnets for use in high temperatures as they have the highest maximum operating temperature at 540ºC (1004ºF).
Store with a keeper
Store your magnet with a keeper on the two magnetic poles. A keeper is a piece of iron that is temporarily added between the north and south poles of a magnet to prevent it from demagnetising.
If a keeper is not provided with your magnet then store your magnets on a steel sheet.
Avoid electrical currents
Strong electrical currents in a close proximity to a magnet can cause it to demagnetise by disrupting the magnet’s magnetic field.
A strong electrical current causes the domains in a magnet to constantly change their magnetic alignment e.g. to face either the north or south pole. Each time the electrical current changes the alignment, a few of the domains do not move. avoid demagnetising magnet.
The longer a magnet is exposed to the electrical current, the more disorganised the domains become. Disorganised domains cancel out the magnet’s magnetism, causing it to demagnetise.
Store in pairs
Store magnets in pairs to prevent the two south or two north magnetic poles of the magnets from touching. Storing the magnets in pairs also helps to maintain their magnetism.
Keep magnets in a dry place
Magnets can corrode easily when stored in damp conditions which can affect the magnets’ magnetism. The rust will create an air gap which stops the magnet from producing a secure bond on a ferromagnetic material.
If a magnet has started to rust but has not demagnetised, 400 grit sandpaper can be used to re-flatten the surface and remove any burrs from the magnet’s casing in order to reduce any air gaps which have formed.
To keep magnets dry, place them into a non-ferromagnetic closed container. This will also help to avoid the problem of the magnet attracting any unwanted metal debris.
avoid demagnetising magnet
Avoid damaging the magnet
For magnets without a casing, avoid dropping or knocking them against anything to prevent damage and demagnetisation.
Dropping or hitting a magnet causes it to vibrate. When this happens, the magnet’s domains randomise which causes the magnet to lose its magnetic field. This is because a magnet is created by having sections of aligned domains.